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Neuro-ophthalmology at the Beginning of the New MillenNium

Proceedings of the International
Neuro-ophthalmology Society Meeting
(Toronto, Ontario, Canada, September 10-14, 2000)
Editor: james a. sharpe



This volume is composed of invited presentations from the Meeting of the International Neuro-ophthalmology Society (INOS 2000) held at Toronto, Ontario in September 2000. Being the first international meeting of the new century and millennium for this discipline of neurologists, ophthalmologists and related scientists, its proceedings represent knowledge and progress in the subspecialty at the cusp of the 20th and 21st centuries. The scientific program of the Meeting consisted of plenary sessions on Optic Nerve Advances, Ocular Motor Advances, and Behavioural Neuro-ophthalmology, and free papers and posters on Optic Nerve, Pupils, Eye Movements, Pseudotumor Cerebri, Behavioural Neuro-ophthalmology, Visual Pathway, General Neuro-ophthalmology, and Historical Vignettes. Abstracts of the program are published in Neuro-ophthalmology 23(3-4): 131-251, 2000.

The book is divided into sections on Disorders of the Visual Pathway, Ocular Motor Disorders, Behavioural Neuro-ophthalmology, General Neuro-ophthalmology, and Historical Neuro-ophthalmology. Its contents reveal issues and challenges for practice and research in the neurology of vision and eye movements at the beginning of the millennium.

James A. Sharpe MD, FRCPC

President, International Neuro-ophthalmology Society, 1998-2000

Participants in the Meeting of the International Neuro-ophthalmology Society held at Toronto, Ontario, September 10 to 14, 2000. Some members of the Meeting are not in the photograph.



Disorders of the Visual Pathway

Comparison of the Evaluation of Central Scotoma by Goldmann
Perimetry and Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (SLO)
T. Nakamura, H. Oku, J. Sugasawa, K. Katumura and T. Utumi 

Four Types of Autoimmune Optic Neuropathy in Japanese
M. Wakakura

Multifocal Electroretinograms (ERG) and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness (RNFLT) in Patients Damaged Optic Nerve with or without Optic Disc Atrophy
A. Kamei and E. Nagasaka

The Pupil in Optic Nerve Disease
F. Bremner, E. Tomlin, J. Shallo-Hoffmann and S. Smith 

Longitudinal Changes of ERGs in Children on Vigabatrin Therapy
C.A. Westall, J.R. Buncic, W.J. Logan, K. Smith and C.M. Panton 

Papilledema in Metabolic Encephalopathy
T.R. Hedges, Jr. 

Biopsy of Optic-Nerve-Sheath Sclerosis In Leber-Like Disease
H.J. Simonsz, M.C. Bartels, C.M. Mooij and P.M. van Hagen 

Binasal Visual Field Defects Due to Chiasmic Compression by Anterior Cerebral Arteries
E. Mezer, I. Krasnits, B. Miller, R. Shreiber and D. Goldsher 

Optic Tract Traumatic Lesion / Case Report
J. Costa, C. Borges and P. Mendonça 

Rehabilitation of a Patient with a Left Homonymous Hemianopia and Diplopia
R. Coulter and P. Oliver 

Visual Field Defects Can Reveal Posterior Cortical Atrophy
P. Krolak-Salmon, C. Tilikete, M. Bernard and A. Vighetto 

Ocular Motor Disorders

Cerebellar Control of Gaze
M.F. Walker and D.S. Zee 

Optimization in Gaze Control
D. Tweed 

Opsoclonus in Three Dimensions: An Oculographic and Neuropathologic Correlation
A.M.F. Wong, S. Musallam, R.D. Tomlinson, P. Shannon, and J.A. Sharpe 

Periodic Alternating Esotropia Associated with Disorders of Neural Tube Closure
J.R. Lewis and J.R. Buncic 

Unusual Causes of Eye Muscle Palsies
A. Huber 

Preliminary Results of Performing the Tenotomy Procedure on Adults with Congenital Nystagmus (CN) – A Gift from "Man’s Best Friend"
L.F. Dell’Osso, R.W. Hertle, E.J. Fitz Gibbon, F.A. Miles,
D. Thompson and D. Yeng 

A Robust, Normal Ocular Motor System Model with Congenital Nystagmus (CN) Including Braking and Foveating Saccades
L.F. Dell’Osso and J.B. Jacobs 

A Robust, Normal Ocular Motor System Model with Latent/Manifest Latent Nystagmus (LMLN) and Dual-Mode Fast Phases
L.F. Dell’Osso and J.B. Jacobs 

Alternating Vertical Component Associated with Manifest Latent Nystagmus
J.A. Shallo-Hoffmann, F. Visco Jr, A. Ficarra, J. Pizzimenti and L. Erbe 

Mis-Use of the Artificial Divergence Operation to Treat Congenital Nystagmus in a Patient with Infantile Strabismus and Acromatopsia: Analysis of Eye Movement Recordings
J.A. Shallo-Hoffmann, F. Visco Jr and R.J. Tusa 

Two Attacks of Left Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia Due to Sequential Left and Right Brainstem Lesions
K.B. Sung, T.K. Lee, C.O. Bang, H.K. Park, M.Y. Ahn and S.H. Kim 

Primary CNS Lymphoma Presenting with INO
F.J. Tyndel 

Disconjugate Adaptation of Saccades in Bilateral MLF Syndrome
A. Oohira 

Reversible Nuclear Third Nerve Palsy Caused by a Mesencephalic Cavernoma
G. Akdal, B. Baklan, H. Çakmakçı and F. İdiman 

Differential Diagnosis between Fourth Nerve Palsy and Ocular Tilt Reaction Based on the Observation of the Cephalic Tilt
S. Carmona and N. Martino 

Behavioural Neuro-ophthalmology

fMRI: Has It Fulfilled It’s Function with Respect to the Visual System?
R.M. McFadzean 

Behavioural Correlates of Damage to the Magnocellular and Parvocellular Pathways: Motion, Form, and Form from Motion After Cerebral Lesions
J.A. Sharpe 

Temporal Frequency Characteristics of the Visual System of Alzheimer’s Patients
M. Kiyosawa, H. Mori, K. Momose, N. Nemoto, W.F. Wang, Y. Suzuki,
K. Koyama, H. Hirasawa, M. Matsubara and M. Mochizuki 

Disordered Shape Perception After Cerebral Lesions
J.A. Sharpe, J.S. Kim, J. Rivest, and J. Intrilligator 

Saccadic Scan Paths During Visual Search
A. Sprenger, D. Kömpf, C. Moschner and W. Heide 

Visual Attention in Patients with Alzheimer Disease
S. Carmona and S. Peralta

Decreased Glucose Metabolism in Medial Frontal Cortex in Patients with Apraxia of Lid Opening
M. Kiyosawa, Y. Suzuki, M. Mochizuki, K. Isii and M. Senda 

Neuro-Ophthalmic Features of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
C.J. Lueck, M. Zeidler and G.G. McIlwaine 

Iatrogenic Hysteria: A Neuro-Ophthalmologist’s Worst Nightmare
B. Younge and T. Maus

General Neuro-ophthalmology

Venous Outflow Pressure of the Central Retinal Vein to Evaluate Elevated Intraorbital Pressure in Patients with Orbital Tumors and Cavernous Sinus Lesions
K. Hartmann and R. Meyer-Schwickerath 

The Use of Imaging in the Diagnosis of Orbital Varix
R. Gopalaswamy, R.M. Burde and J.R. Stein 

Duration of Positive Urine for Cocaine Metabolite Following Ophthalmic Administration
D.M. Jacobson, R. Berg, G.F. Grinstead and J.R. Kruse 

Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Patient with Ataxia-Telangiectasia
K.B. Sung, B.R. Lee, D.S. Jeong, H.S. Hong, D.H. Kim and W.K. Bae 

I. Williams, R. Lang and K. Winkel 

Study of Cerebral Cortex Application of Dexamethasone after Brain Injury by Transcranial Doppler in Rabbits
Bo Yang, Fangxia Guan, Laijun Song, Shujun Liu and Xizhong Chen 

Effect of Topical Application of Examethasone on Cerebral Edema and Myelin Basic Protein in Rabbit’s Brain Injury
Bo Yang, Fangxia Guan, Laijun Song, Xizhong Chen and Shujun Liu

The Preservation of Orbital Structures in Ancient Egyptian Mummies
S. Holowka and P.K. Lewin 

Historical Neuro-ophthalmology

International Neuro-Ophthalmology in a Canadian Venue
J.A. Sharpe 

Czech It Out: Neuro-Ophthalmic Contributions from Prague
K. Landau 

Dr. Jorge Malbran, M.D. (1897-1972) Pioneer of South American Neuro-Ophthalmology
R. Muci-Mendoza


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